By B.D. Belan, A.V. Fofonov, T.K. Sklyadneva, G.N. Tolmachev (auth.), S. Lombardi, L.K. Altunina, S.E. Beaubien (eds.)
As is now in general authorized mankind’s burning of fossil fuels has led to the mass move of greenhouse gases to the ambience, a amendment of the delicately-balanced international carbon cycle, and a measurable switch in world-wide temperatures and weather. even if now not the main robust greenhouse gasoline, carbon dioxide (CO) drives weather 2 switch as a result of the huge, immense volumes of this gasoline pumped into the ambience each day. Produced in nearly equivalent elements via the transportation, business and energy-generating sectors, atmospheric CO concentrations have 2 elevated via approximately 50% over the past three hundred years, and based on a few assets are estimated to extend by means of as much as two hundred% over pre-industrial degrees through the subsequent a hundred years. If we're to opposite this pattern, in an effort to hinder major environmental switch sooner or later, motion needs to be taken instantly. whereas decreased use of fossil fuels (through conservation, elevated potency and increased use of renewable strength resources) has to be our final target, brief to medium time period strategies are wanted which may make an influence this day. numerous forms of CO garage options were proposed to fill this 2 want, with the injection of this gasoline into deep geological reservoirs being probably the most promising. for instance this process has the capability to turn into a closed loop method, wherein underground strength assets are dropped at floor, their strength extracted (via burning or hydrogen extraction), and the ensuing by-products again to the subsurface.
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38 Domysheva, Sakirko, Panchenko and Pestunov Figure 5. The results of measurements of CO2 and pH of water in September 2004. The most interesting result of both the October (Fig. 3) and June (Fig. 4) measurement cycles is the significant flux of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere from the water surface observed during acidic precipitation events (pH a 5). This is well seen in Figure 3 from October 20 to 221 and in Figure 4 from June 14 to 15. Although in this case the process can be clearly understood and explained, it should be noted that the role of acid precipitation in the atmospheric carbon dioxide budget has not yet been taken into account, at least not for the region under consideration.
CONCLUSIONS It is recommended that future studies focus on the following items: i) elucidation of the reasons for the discrepancy in assessing carbon pools and fluxes determined by various methods for some regions or smaller areas; ii) climate change impact on the dynamics of pools and fluxes, at different temporal and spatial resolutions; iii) the more precise assessment of carbon emissions as a result of forest area disturbance caused by cuts, wild fires, land use, outbreaks of mass insect reproduction, man-made pollution; iv) elaboration of a system of carbon cycle models at different spatial levels; v) study of models for assessing scenarios of carbon emission accumulation via different climate changes; vi) elaboration of ecological- economical models of the carbon budget for forest and bog areas.
1994). Tree stand phytomass and ground vegetation stocks show appropriate changes along the meridian and agree well with average annual temperature changes and growing season length (Forest ecosystems, 2002). The growing stock increase in forests of middle and southern taiga, as compared to the northern taiga, parallels the decrease of ground vegetation phytomass like mosses, lichens, grasses and small shrubs. In the more northern ecosystems the contribution of ground vegetation to the formation of annual ecosystem production is commensurable or exceeds wood growing stock contribution (Knorre, 2003).
Advances in the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide: International Approaches to Reduce Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas Emissions by B.D. Belan, A.V. Fofonov, T.K. Sklyadneva, G.N. Tolmachev (auth.), S. Lombardi, L.K. Altunina, S.E. Beaubien (eds.)