By Robert A. Levine, Sarah Levine, Suzanne Dixon, Amy Richman, P. Herbert Leiderman, Constance H. Keefer, T. Berry Brazelton
Baby Care and tradition examines parenthood, infancy, and early early life in an African neighborhood, revealing styles unanticipated by way of present theories of kid improvement and elevating provocative questions on the concept that of "normal" baby care. evaluating the Gusii humans of Kenya with the yankee white center type, the authors convey how divergent cultural priorities create differing stipulations for early adolescence improvement. Combining the views of social anthropology, pediatrics, and developmental psychology, the authors show how baby care customs will be conscious of diverse socioeconomic, demographic, and cultural stipulations with out causing damage on youngsters. this article will be of curiosity to researchers in baby improvement and anthropology.
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Extra info for Child Care and Culture: Lessons from Africa
The mother manages the property that will be inherited by her sons, acting as their trustee until they are adults, when the sons and mother cooperate in using the property and protecting it from possible appropriation by the father or others in the family. , the sons of the several co-wives) in the task of preserving their property to be used as bridewealth in their marriages and inherited after the father dies. The father's role in containing the conflict among co-wives and their sons, while pursuing his own 36 African infancy interests in marrying more wives, is a precarious one and usually leads to his being resented by the "houses," who blame him for favoring himself or their competitors.
The Gusii are emotionally inexpressive by American standards; they rarely show approval, anger, or shock through facial expressions or in words, and they avoid disclosing information, particularly pleasurable facts about oneself, which Americans routinely share. This reflects a code of morally restrained conduct, described in Chapter 3, that parents want their children to acquire. Thus the standards of communicative competence shaping the speech environment of Gusii children diverge extremely from those of their American counterparts (Chapter 8).
In populations characterized by relatively low fertility and high child mortality, for example, every rural locality has middle-aged women with no living children at home, who take an interest in the children of others and make themselves available for child care. In such populations, furthermore, older women - the grandmothers - tend to dote on infants and want Infant care in sub-Saharan Africa 30 37 to participate in their care. This contrasts with African populations of very high fertility and relatively low child mortality, in which babies are plentiful and taking care of them seems more of a burden than a privilege.
Child Care and Culture: Lessons from Africa by Robert A. Levine, Sarah Levine, Suzanne Dixon, Amy Richman, P. Herbert Leiderman, Constance H. Keefer, T. Berry Brazelton