By Sali A. Tagliamonte
How do ultra-modern young ones speak? What are the distinguishing beneficial properties in their kind of language, and what do they let us know concerning the English language extra often? Drawing on an important corpus of examples accumulated over a fifteen-year interval, Sali A. Tagliamonte undertakes a close research of teenagers' language and argues that it acts as a 'bellwether' for the way forward for the English language. childrens are usually accused of 'lowering the factors' of the English language incidentally they speak and textual content. From spoken phrases - 'like', 'so', 'just', and 'stuff' - to abbreviated expressions used on-line, this interesting ebook places younger people's language below the microscope, reading and demystifying the origins of latest phrases, and monitoring how they range in response to gender, geographical situation, and social conditions. hugely topical and entire of latest insights, the ebook is key examining for a person attracted to how kids speak.
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Extra info for Teen Talk: The Language of Adolescents
15 shows the top-ranked features from the TEC by information gain using the WEKA machine learning suite (Witten and Eibe, 2005). In this case the algorithm shows the top three-word contenders for predicting whether an individual is +/– 30 years of age (I have omitted some repetitive features). 15, in particular like and just. Several others emerge, including weird, cool, and really. This is just a small sample of the most highly ranked features (as measured by information gain). 2). g. , 2012; Macaulay, 2001).
Hook, 1991, cited in Traugott and Heine, 1991b: 319) A very interesting fact from the standpoint of a language scientist is that frequency is a red ﬂag for linguistic change. Language is always changing. It changes all the time and there is nothing we can do to stop it. But how do you know when language is changing? One of the most important bits of evidence is how many times a word occurs vis-à-vis other words. When a feature of language starts turning up a lot more often than it ever did before, this is usually a good indication that something is going on.
These words have a variety of different uses in English. Let’s ﬁrst consider the one function they have in common. They can both be used to “boost up” another word, as in (9) and (10). 9. 10. a. Hop’s really cool though. (Amanda Levy, 12) b. Sometimes my marks are like really high so I was really happy. (Kevin Lam, 15) a. Then guys, when it comes to talk about girls, it’s so funny. They freak out. (Catherine Hui, 19) b. It’s because we’re all like so close. (Lina Delmonico, 16) In fact, teenagers use so and really as boosters in ways that are different from the rest of the population.
Teen Talk: The Language of Adolescents by Sali A. Tagliamonte